CHICAGO – The American Medical Association has released a set of recommendations on augmented intelligence, a technology it says is designed to enhance human intelligence, not replace it.
“The promise of augmented intelligence in spurring technological innovation in medicine has generated growing interest among health care stakeholders,” said Dr. Jesse Ehrenfeld, AMA board member, in a statement. “It also has spurred a range of concerns about the novel challenges in the design, implementation and use—especially how AI will be incorporated into the practice of medicine and affect patients.”
The recommendations state the AMA will: leverage its ongoing engagement in digital health and other priority areas for improving patient outcomes and physicians’ professional satisfaction to help set priorities for health care AI; identify opportunities to integrate the perspective of practicing physicians into the development, design, validation and implementation of health care AI; promote development of thoughtfully designed, high-quality, clinically validated health care AI; encourage education for patients, physicians, medical students, other health care professionals and health administrators to promote greater understanding of the promise and limitations of health care AI; and explore the legal implications of health care AI.
The recommendations stress that AI systems need to be developed and evaluated in keeping with best practices in user-centered design, and usability should be tested by participants who are demographically representative of end users.
“As technology continues to advance and evolve, we have a unique opportunity to ensure that augmented intelligence is used to benefit patients, physicians and the broad health care community,” said Ehrenfeld. “Combining AI methods and systems with an irreplaceable human clinician can advance the delivery of care in a way that outperforms what either can do alone. But we must forthrightly address challenges in the design, evaluation and implementation as this technology is increasingly integrated into physicians’ delivery of care to patients.”